Learn in the Way You learn Best! Enhance Your Memory’s Capabilities.
We all know about short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM).Information in the STM that is consciously processed is more likely to be transferred to the long-term memory. This processing can be emotional, intellectual, or active. If we feel strongly about the information, or relate it to what we know, or use language to name it, it is more likely to be stored in our LTM.
For the information to be transferred to LTM it is helpful to:
– discuss it
– give real-life examples
– relate this information to our experience
– express our opinion on it
– rehearse – repeat key words and phrases (mimicry or imitation) to prevent important information from fading or becoming distorted over time
– break the material to remember into manageable chunks
– map the material – create diagrams of processes or show relationships, using colours, shapes, arrows etc.
– relate new information to other information, or show where it fits into the topic
– provide visual as well as verbal cues for later recall
– use certain colours or shapes for particular information
– use semantic organization – encoding or processing information in our long-term memory, based on its meaning, when bits of information which have similar meanings fall into a general classification of tableware
– use elaboration , which involves the linking of two or more words/things together to aid memory
– improve attentional capacity – the capacity to maintain attention or be attentive
– use episodic memory (locating key events or information in space and time)
– use procedural memory (recalling processes and procedures)
– relate information to existing schemata or concept structures
– visualise and draw processes
– associate new information with remembered information and concepts and schemata
– review the relevant previous information and articulate the relationship between the new information and the previous information clearly to better understand the whole picture
– do all kinds of integrating activities
These techniques are only the first stage. Think of them as a mental toolbox and pick the most suitable ones for your personal needs and learning style. Never hesitate to adapt the templates to the uniqueness of yourself and our fast-changing world.